Some Medicinal Plants and Herbs in Nigeria and their Uses

20 Nigerian herbs and their uses

In this article, I will be discussing 20 Nigerian herbs and their uses.


Here are the 20 Nigerian herbs and their uses.

Agbo jedi-jedi



Agbo Jedi-Jedi is a plant that is indigenous to Nigeria.


The plant has been used for centuries by the Yoruba people as a key herb in their traditional medicine.


The Agbo Jedi-Jedi has been traditionally used to help treat a variety of ailments, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and even cancer.


In recent years, researchers have also begun to study the plant’s potential use in treating Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia.

Agbo iba



Agbo iba, also known as African ginger, is a shrub that grows in West and Central Africa.


The plant is used for medicinal purposes, especially in Nigeria. The shrub has a long history of use in traditional medicine and has been found to be effective in treating a variety of health problems.

Yoyo bitter

Yoyo bitter, scientifically called Echinacea purpurea, is a plant belonging to the daisy family that is endemic to Nigeria.


The leaves and flowers of the yoyo bitter are used to make a drink called yoyo bitter. Yoyo bitters have a sweet taste and are used as an after-dinner drink or liqueur.

i-anxiety, sedative and antidepressant effects.


The main benefits of using omega root include improved heart health, joint pain relief and better sleep quality.

Anacardium occidentale

Anacardium occidentale is a flowering plant native to West Africa.


In Nigeria, anacardium is used to treat malaria and other illnesses. Additionally, the leaves and flowers of anacardium are used in traditional drinks and dishes.

Ocimum gratissimum

Ocimum gratissimum, or “gratitude” basil, is a popular herb in the African continent.


Some of the uses of Ocimum gratissimum include aiding in digestion, regulating blood sugar levels, fighting inflammation, promoting relaxation and mood elevation, and more.



Dioscorea bulbifera is a tropical herb that grows in Nigeria. The plant is used to make herbal supplements and medicines.


There are many uses for the plant, including treating obesity, diabetes, and hypertension.

Prunus Africana

Prunus Africana, commonly called the African Plum, is a tree in the Prunus genus that grows in Africa.


Some of the most common uses for this fruit include treating sore throat, asthma, and fever.

Adansonia digitata

Adansonia digitata is a shrub native to Africa that has been used for centuries as a herbal medicine.


The plant has been used to treat a variety of ailments, including malaria, HIV/AIDS, and diabetes.


The oil extracted from the leaves has been traditionally used as a massage oil and to treat skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.

Hibiscus sabdariffa

Hibiscus sabdariffa, also known as African hibiscus, is a shrub found in tropical and subtropical regions around the world.

The flowers of this plant are used to make tea, wine, and various other drinks.

Hibiscus sabdariffa is also used as a natural medicine for conditions such as anxiety, high blood pressure, and heart disease.

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